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By train via Indonesia – Java

By train via Indonesia – Java

Currently, Indonesia has a population of over 237 million people, occupying an area of ​​over 1.9 million square kilometers. Although the most commonly used language is Indonesian, more than 580 different dialects and language varieties are used in Indonesia

Existing rail routes – Java

Although the most popular place for trips in Indonesia is Bali, the island of Java hides no less interesting places. The island can be successfully described as a land of volcanoes, because so many can not be found on any other island in all of Indonesia. The first of them is the Bromo summit located in the eastern part of the island, which is actually a volcano surrounded by the desert and extremely beautiful landscapes. Although it is an active volcano, it is often visited by tourists from around the world.

  Number of passengers carried: 196,681 million passengers / year

  Number of transported goods: 3.896 million tons / year

  Active rail networks: 3.464 km. Inactive railway networks: 2,860 km. A total of 6,324 km of the railway network

Indonesian Railways (Kereta) are over 120 years old and it is one of the largest enterprises in the country and of this type in all of Asia, although it is far from Indian or even Thai. For sure, however, it makes a positive impression. Mainly quality and organization system.

A range of trains links Jakarta with Surabaya, but the best train is the Argo Bromo Anggrek, Eksekutif class only, modern and powerfully air-conditioned.  It has comfortable reclining seats with footrests and a catering car.  There is both a daytime service and a time-effective overnight service, although the night trains have no sleepers – these disappeared from Indonesian trains in the 1990s.  On the plus side, Eksekutif class seats recline to a good 30 degrees.

An train system links all the main cities on Java, including Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Solo, Surabaya, Probolinggo (for Mt Bromo) and Banyuwangi (the ferry terminal for Bali).

Indonesian Train

The Argo Bromo Anggrek (the Bromo Orchid) is Indonesia’s premier train, linking Java’s two largest cities in 9 hours at a creditable average speed of 80 km/h (50mph) start to stop on its narrow gauge tracks.  The train keeps up a relentless 110 km/h (75 mph) between the few stops it makes, hooting ceaselessly at each level crossing, speeding non-stop through most smaller stations on its 9 hour dash – the same journey would take 15 hours by road.  As you pass through each station, look for the station master in his red and gold hat, standing to attention outside his office watching the train pass through.  The countryside is largely flat, rice paddies, villages, towns, palms and the occasional mosque.

Our ocean conference – Indonesia Bali 2019

Our ocean conference – Indonesia Bali 2019

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia will host the fifth Our Ocean Conference in Bali on 29 and 30 October 2018. Our Ocean Conference is focused on generating commitments and taking actions to maintain the sustainability of our oceans. Since 2014, Our Ocean Conference has successfully generated commitments totaling around 18 billion dollars (USD) and 12.4 million square kilometers of marine protected areas. Our Ocean Conference 2018 will demonstrate significant progress on past commitments and inspire new commitments made for the continuation of a more concerted and integrated actions for protecting the oceans.

Our Ocean Conference 2018 will convene participants from countries across the globe to ensure diverse perspectives from various stakeholders, including governments, commercial sectors, financing entities, scientific communities, civil society organizations, and young leaders. Heads of States, Ministers, and champions from various backgrounds will also be invited to influence concrete and actionable commitments to preserve the oceans’ health.

The theme

The oceans carry not only living artifacts and history, but also the promise of our future. Its undulating vastness holds our key to economic growth, food security resources as well as solution to curb the impact of climate change. However, the oceans are under immense pressure due to adverse impact of human activities. Marine pollution, bleaching coral reefs, raising sea temperature, and unsustainable fishing continues to occur. Indirect threat to the oceans also uncloaked with the recent findings on human trafficking in fishing operations, wildlife trafficking, as well as arms and drugs smuggling.

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The main objective of Our Ocean Conference is to increase as well as enhance the collaboration and partnership between various ocean stakeholders, which is translated into concrete and actionable commitments. Participants are encouraged to announce their commitments during the conference, as it critically contributes towards global efforts to preserve the oceans’ health.


We have a choice to choose the kind of legacy we will leave for the future generations; and that choice depends on the actions we take today. 

Samuel Johnson

The main objective of Our Ocean Conference is to increase as well as enhance the collaboration and partnership between various ocean stakeholders, which is translated into concrete and actionable commitments. Participants are encouraged to announce their commitments during the conference, as it critically contributes towards global efforts to preserve the oceans’ health.

A legacy for the future

Our Ocean Conference 2018 will continue the strong tradition of tracking past commitments and encouraging new commitments and partnerships that deliver multiple objectives. It will also introduce the Our Ocean Commitment Registry, to facilitate tracking and review of past and new commitments. While maintaining its global reach, Our Ocean 2018 is the first conference to be held in Asia, and as such will highlight the importance of action in the region.

As the largest archipelago in the world with its 17,000 islands, Indonesia represents the lifeline that Our Ocean holds for humankind. Through collaboration, we are committed to ensuring a successful conference focused on sustainable ecological and economic approaches to protecting and restoring Our Ocean – for the good of our treasured marine resources, our tourism, our fishers, our coastal communities, and all of our people. Together, we will make a difference with the choices we make, the actions we take, and the legacies we leave because it is Our Ocean, and Our Legacy.


The Airplane Transporting Systems (ATS)

The Airplane Transporting Systems (ATS)

The Aircraft Towing System (ATS) is an innovative system (patented all over the world) designed to transport aircraft from the runway to the airport gates and back to the runway. The aircraft engines are shut down during taxi and gate operations saving fuel, emissions and reducing noise. The entire ATS system is fully automatic, integrated into the ground control system, and ran by the ground control tower personnel.

ATS maximizes safety by optimizing airport taxiway traffic, reducing personnel and equipment in and around ground flight operations, controlling all aircraft movements during taxi and gate operations and greatly reducing human factor errors. After installing ATS airport capacity will increase up to 30%.

General System Description

The Aircraft Towing Systems (ATS) is an innovative system designed to transport aircraft from the runway via the taxiway to the airport gates and back to the runway.  Upon landing, the pilot taxis the aircraft to the taxiway where ATS system is installed ready for use. Next, the aircraft nose wheel is driven into the ATS pull car, then secured, and finally the aircraft engines are shut down saving fuel and emissions. The ATS system uses special channels with a rail system built beneath the taxiway and powered by electrical motors in the channels to transport aircraft.

  Taxiway Channel

  Pull Car



Multiple, yet independent, aircraft movements occur simultaneously between the runway, aprons and gates. Each arriving and departing aircraft has an assigned taxi pathway leading its assigned gate or runway. The ATS system optimizes traffic on taxi-lanes and stacks aircraft closer together since the engines are shut off during ATS aircraft movement.

The use of traveling is to regulate imagination with reality, and instead of thinking of how things may be, see them as they are.

Samuel Johnson

The ATS system also eliminates collisions with baggage and towing vehicles. Each ATS pull car is equipped with a radar that monitors all possible collision areas. In case of emergency, the pulled aircraft will be stopped immediately, and the traffic control, pilot and other taxiing aircrafts will immediately receive information about the incident. The system automatically reacts to such a situation and adjusts the movements of other aircrafts accordingly.

System Benefits

ATS maximizes safety by optimizing airport taxiway traffic, reducing personnel and equipment in and around flight operations, and controls all aircraft movements during taxi and gate operations. ATS significantly improves safety of airports and eliminates most aircraft collisions.  This system dramatically reduces fuel emissions since the engines are powered off while taxiing and gate docking, which also eliminates harmful exhaust emissions emitted in the atmosphere.  Airports can potentially sell their fuel emission tax credits and reduce airport ground crew manpower to offset the initial and sustainment costs of the ATS system.  Airline fuel consumption will decrease as a result of airports implementing ATS, which decreases operating costs of airlines.

Sustainable Development –  a chance for a better tomorrow

Sustainable Development – a chance for a better tomorrow

Sustainable development is a concept that appeared for the first time in 1987 with the publication of the Brundtland Report, warning of the negative environmental consequences of economic growth and globalization, which tried to find possible solutions to the problems caused by industrialization and population growth.

Environmental Sustainability

At the environmental level, sustainability prevents nature from being used as an inexhaustible source of resources and ensures its protection and rational use.

Aspects such as environmental conservation, investment in renewable energiessaving water, supporting sustainable mobility, and innovation in sustainable construction and architecture, contribute to achieving this environmental sustainability on several fronts.

Social Sustainability

At the social level, sustainability can foster the development of people, communities, and cultures to help achieve a reasonable and fairly-distributed quality of life, healthcare, and education across the globe.

The fight for gender equality, especially in developing countries, is another aspect which in coming years will form the basis of social sustainability.

Economic Sustainability

Sustainability focusses on equal economic growth, that generates wealth for all, without harming the environment.

Investment and equal distribution of the economic resources will strengthen the other pillars of sustainability for complete development.

As a part of a newly sustainable development roadmap, the United Nations approved the 2030 Agenda, which contains the Sustainable Development Goals, a call to action to protect the planet and guarantee the global well-being of people. These common goals require the active involvement of individuals, businesses, administrations, and countries around the world.

Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals, also known as the Global Goals, are a call from the United Nations to all countries around the world to address the great challenges that humanity faces and to ensure that all people have the same opportunities to live a better life without compromising our planet.

These 17 objectives are interrelated and often the key to one’s success will involve the issues most frequently linked to another. They can be summarised as follows:

  Eradicate poverty and hunger, guaranteeing a healthy life

  Universalize access to basic services such as water, sanitation, and sustainable energy

  Support the generation of development opportunities through inclusive education and decent work

  Foster innovation and resilient infrastructure, creating communities and cities able to produce and consume sustainably

  Reduce inequality in the world, especially concerning gender

  Care for the environment combating climate change and protecting the oceans and land ecosystems

  Promote collaboration between different social agents to create an environment of peace and sustainable development.

Sustainable development is the pathway to the future we want for all. It offers a framework to generate economic growth, achieve social justice, exercise environmental stewardship and strengthen governance.

Ban Ki-moon